Istanbul’s famous landmarks went blue Saturday, November 14 to spread awareness about diabetes, a disease that affects more than 400 million people. Millions of lives could be saved with proper diabetes treatment, that’s the message from the World Health Organization, as the UN agency marks World Diabetes Day on Saturday. On world diabetes day, more than 150 countries come together for diabetes awareness and advocacy.
Istanbul’s Bosphorus Bridge that connects Europe with Asia, Maiden Tower, Beylerbeyi Palace, Galata Tower, and Kabataş High School were among the 10 landmarks that went blue on Saturday for the World Diabetes Day.
Diabetes is the direct cause of about 1.5 million deaths worldwide each year, with about 80 per cent of those deaths coming in low- and middle-income countries.
Close to 415 million people around the globe suffer from the chronic disease that occurs when the body develops problems controlling insulin levels.
According to the International Diabetes Federation,
- 1 in 11 adults have diabetes (415 million)
- 46.5% of adults with diabetes are undiagnosed
- 12% of global health expenditure is spent on diabetes ($673 billion)
- By 2040, 1 adult in 10 (642 million) will have diabetes
- 1 in 7 births is affected by gestational diabetes
- Three quarters of people with diabetes live in low and middle income countries
- 542,000 children have type 1 diabetes
- Every 6 seconds a person dies from diabetes (5.0 million deaths)
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease.
In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. The body breaks down the sugars and starches you eat into a simple sugar called glucose, which it uses for energy. Insulin is a hormone that the body needs to get glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy lives.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, your body causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. This is also called hyperglycemia. If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels.
People with type 1 diabetes must use insulin.
Some people with type 2 diabetes can manage their diabetes with healthy eating and exercise. However, your doctor may need to also prescribe oral medications (pills) and/or insulin to help you meet your target blood glucose levels.
Studies show that people with diabetes are more likely to use dietary supplements than people without diabetes. Although research has not been able to prove that dietary or herbal supplements (including omega-3 supplements, cinnamon, and other herbs) help to manage diabetes, many prefer to use herbal supplements and complexes such as Glucosify
Recently, the Health Council of the Netherlands published a new report on the benefits of drinking tea this week, recommending that people drink between three and five brews each day. The Telegraph reported that three to five cups a day reduces blood pressure, diabetes and stroke risks, as one of the council's 16 guidelines. As an independent scientific body, the council stated that the tea must be green or black. Rooibos and other herbal teas do not count.
For more information about Diabetes, visit http://www.diabetes.org/