World’s first intercontinental subway - Marmaray opened in Istanbul

  • Published by Vedat
The Marmaray project, the greatest project connecting Asia and Europe with an uninterrupted railway transportation under the Istanbul strait is opened by the participation of Turkish President Abdullah Gul and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

marmaray-openingThe Marmaray, opened on the 90th anniversary of the foundation of Turkish Republic, is called the Project of the Century with a past of 153 years. The Project introduces many firsts to the world in terms of the innovations it carries giving momentum to the railway technologies, its technical infrastructure, its grand economic cost.

On its first day of operation, a total of 300 thousand passengers ride the Marmaray.

The first tube tunnel of the 11 tunnels enabling passage under the Istanbul strait was immersed in March 2007 in a ceremony participated by Turkish Transportation, Maritime and Telecommunication Minister Binali Yildirim and DHL Director General Ahmet Arslan. Also the last and the deepest immersed tunnel of the world were immersed on September 23, 2008 to the 60 meters depth of Istanbul strait.

marmarayOne of the turning points of the dream of 150 years was turned on January, 15, 2012 and PM Erdogan welded the first rail put on the Marmaray line at the entrance of Ayrilikcesme tunnel.

The first test drive of the Marmaray rail line was realized on August 4, 2013. PM Erdogan crossed the strait with the tube tunnel rail line connecting not only the Asian and European side of Istanbul but connecting London and Beijing via an uninterrupted rail line.

Thousands of workers and 1343 technical experts worked for the Turkish dream of 150 years. The first station of Marmaray consisting of total 5 stations, 3 of which underground will be integrated to Kadikoy-Kartal-Kaynarca metro rail line.

Marmaray Project consists of 3 sections namely Halkali section, Gebze section and the undersea section crossing the strait.

When it comes to the travel durations, the distance between Gebze and Halkali will take 105 minutes instead of 185 minutes with the rehabilitated suburb rail lines. Besides the travel duration between Bostanci and Bakirkoy will drop to 37 minutes, Sogutlucesme and Yenikapi to 12 minutes and Uskudar and Sirkeci 4 minutes. Thus it will take 4 minutes crossing two continents Asia and Europe.

marmaray-mapThe double line Marmaray will run underground at Yedikule and move to Sirkeci and pass under the Istanbul strait and reach the underground station of Uskudar on the Asian side of Istanbul. The Marmaray will get on-ground at Ayrilikcesme and move on to Sogutlucesme. This section which is around 13.5 km is put into service on Tuesday. Upon the completion of the suburb rail line of Gebze-Halkali, the Marmaray will take departures every 2 to 10 minutes. Marmaray will transport around 75 thousand people in single route per hour and is expected to transport 1.2 million people per day.

The Marmaray Project, cost of which will reach 8 billion dollars with the completion of the suburban, is deepest immersed tube tunnel of the world. The escalators at the southern entrance of Sirkeci station is the longest escalator in Turkey with the height of 61 meters.

On surface metro section, with the length of 63 km, there are 37 surface stations. The rail line strait tube section is 13.6 km, 9.8 km of which consists of bored tunnel, 1.4 km immersed tube tunnel and 2.4 km cut-and-cover tunnels. There are 3 stations with a length of 225 meters.

The stations of Marmaray are as follows: Halkali, Mustafakemal, Kucukcekmece, Florya, Yesilkoy, Yesilyurt, Atakoy, Bakirkoy, Yenimahalle, Zeytinburnu, Kazlicesme, Yenikapi, Sirkeci, Istanbul Bogazi, Uskudar, Ibrahimaga, Sogutlucesme, Feneryolu, Goztepe, Erenkoy, Suadiye, Bostanci, Kucukyali, Idealtepe, Süreyya Plaji, Maltepe, Cevizli, Atalar, Basak, Kartal, Yunus, Pendik, Kaynarca, Tersane, Guzelyali, Aydintepe, Icmeler, Tuzla, Cayirova, Fatih, Osmangazi and Gebze.

Source: IBB

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