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IATA: Passenger Demand Accelerates in June

baggage claimThe International Air Transport Association (IATA) announced global passenger traffic results for June showing that demand (measured in total revenue passenger kilometers or RPKs) rose by 7.8% compared to June 2017.

This was up from 6.0% year-over-year growth recorded in both May and April. June capacity (available seat kilometers or ASKs) increased by 6.5%, and load factor rose 1.0 percentage point to 82.8%. The first six months of 2018 produced demand growth of 7.0%, a strong performance, but down from 8.3% growth recorded in the first half of 2017.

"The first half of 2018 concluded with another month of above-trend demand growth, which is a good indicator for the peak summer travel season in the northern hemisphere. But the looming prospect of a global trade war is casting a long shadow. Additionally, rising cost inputs—fuel prices have soared by approximately 60% over the past year—are reducing the stimulus of lower fares," said Alexandre de Juniac, IATA’s Director General and CEO.     

June 2018
(% year-on-year)
World share¹ RPK ASK PLF
(%-pt)²         
PLF
(level)³  
        
Total Market 100.0% 7.8% 6.5% 1.0%       82.8%
Africa 2.2% 6.3% 1.8% 2.9% 68.0%
Asia Pacific 33.7%       11.2% 9.8% 1.0% 81.7%
Europe 26.6% 5.8% 4.5% 1.0% 86.4%
Latin America 5.2% 5.3% 6.5%       -1.0% 80.3%
Middle East 9.5% 10.3% 7.5%       1.8% 71.1%
North America 23.0%       5.5%       4.3% 0.9% 87.2%

   ¹% of industry RPKs in 2017   ²Year-on-year change in load factor   ³Load factor level

International Passenger Markets

June international passenger demand rose 7.7% compared to June 2017. All regions recorded growth, led by airlines in the Middle East and Africa. Capacity climbed 5.9%, and load factor increased 1.4 percentage points to 81.9%.

Domestic Passenger Markets 

Demand for domestic travel climbed 7.9% in June compared to June 2017, up somewhat from the 6.7% annual growth seen in May. June capacity increased 7.5%, and load factor edged up 0.3 percentage point to 84.5%. Led once again by double-digit gains in India and China, all markets reported demand increases, but with wide variation.

June 2018
(% year-on-year)       
World share¹ RPK ASK PLF     
(%-pt)²     
PLF
(level)³  
Domestic 36.2%      7.9% 7.5%     0.3%       84.5% 
Australia 0.9% 1.8% 1.2% 0.5% 78.0%
Brazil  1.2% 5.3% 8.0% -2.0% 78.2%
China P.R              9.1% 15.3% 16.3%        -0.7% 84.6%             
India              1.4% 17.6% 17.0% 0.5% 85.8%
Japan              1.1% 3.7% 1.3%              1.6% 70.9%
Russian Fed.              1.4% 6.0%          5.4%  0.5%            84.3%
US 14.5% 5.3%       4.8% 0.4% 87.9%

¹% of industry RPKs in 2017   ²Year-on-year change in load factor   ³Load factor level  *Note: the seven domestic passenger markets for which broken-down data are available account for 30% of global total RPKs and approximately 82% of total domestic RPKs